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Showing posts from May, 2021

Next.js: restrict pages to authenticated users

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Many websites have pages that need to be restricted to authenticated users, for example profile pages or dashboards. Next.js web framework comes with a lot of functionality built-in JS compilation, rendering code on server and caching. When it comes to most other aspecs, it's up to a programmer to build, including such needed functionality as restricting access to some pages only to authenticated users. In this article we are going to build just that: a function that augments a page object, that could be used like that: Here's the implementation in TypeScript: In order to make it work on server we are going to need one more utility function fetchWithCookies . When making HTTP request from inside a Web Browser, the browser automatically sends cookies with each requests and then stores new cookies if a response comes in with set-cookie header. On server-side we need to build this feature ourselves, because neither Next.js nor NodeJS make any a

Phone Authentication in Ruby

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Using SMS to authenticate a user has the following benefits: Everybody has a phone. Users don't have to remember passwords. Protect against robots & duplicate accounts. Familiarity. You should not use SMS a sole authentication method for systems that require high-security. What I am going to cover in this article is how to make an API that generates "phone tokens" that can be used to sign-in / sign-up. This way you don't need to create a user record before a phone is verified. User stories Below is 2 user stories we are going to cover. As a returning user. I want to sign-in . I go to the login screen and enter my phone . I receive an SMS with the verification code, enter the code . I am logged in. As a new user. I want to sign-up . I go to the login screen and enter my phone . I receive an SMS with the verification code, enter the code . I

Encrypt & Decrypt text in Ruby

If you want to pass some information to a client that you don't want the client to read or temper with, read on! The usage of our TextEncryptor is straightforward: data = { ... } serialized_data = JSON.dump(data) encoded_data = TextEncryptor.encrypt(serialized_data) # ... serialized_data = TextEncryptor.decrypt(encoded_data) data = JSON.parse(serialized_data) Implementation: One of the ways I use this is to store a proof that a phone number is verified on client side and allow exchanging that encoded phone number token to login or signup. You can read more about this in one of the following blog posts. Thank you for reading!

Faster Google Maps load times

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Google Maps is notoriously slow. The moment you add a Google Map to your page you can cut your Lighthouse performance score in half. There are several ways you can fight with it: Add async/defer to your Google script - certainly helps, but no much. This technique is very common so I won't be talking about it. Loading the map only when a user scrolls to it. This works well the map is located below the fold. Code . Using a static google maps image. There are cases when you might not need an interactive map and an image is all you need. The API for it is surprisingly versatile. Code . Skipping fonts loading. Whenever you include Google maps script it automatically fetches a Roboto font. The map works perfectly fine without it, you can shave off a decent amount of time if you know how to block the font. Code . Using a static preview of the map and then loadi